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Venezuela’s ‘Animal Farm’

The expropriations of Diego Arria's properties in Venezuela are punishments for his criticism of President Hugo Chávez.


Last May, a private farm amidst Venezuela's rolling green countryside was expropriated by the country's president, Hugo Chávez. As Chávez later described, the farm's owner "is out there crying and saying he is going to get his land back. Well, he'll have to topple Chávez to get this back, because that farm belongs to the revolution now."

The farm's owner is Diego Arria. While Chávez has labeled Arria an "unburied corpse" of Venezuela's past, Arria has hardly been a lifeless corpse.

Seventy-year-old Arria has served as Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations, Venezuelan ambassador to the United Nations, and as a personal advisor to former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan.

Arria captured the world's attention when, as president of the U.N. Security Council, he condemned the failure of the international community to act against Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic for his brutal treatment of Bosnian Muslims. He was a star witness during the prosecution of Milosevic for the genocide at Srebrenica. Prior to his UN tenure, Arria had been a leading political figure in Venezuela, serving as governor of the capital Caracas in the 1970s.

In 1988, Arria purchased the farm - named "La Carolina" in memory of his deceased daughter - for $300,000. The property was then in ruins. Arria renovated and restored the property, developing it into a farm complete with an organic coffee plantation and grass-fed cows producing 600 gallons of milk daily.

Under the pretext of confiscating "unused land," Venezuela's National Land Institute stormed onto the property on May 1 with a platoon of soldiers. The uniformed men raided the farmhouse at gunpoint. They took Arria's clothing and even his horse-riding boots as trophies.

Thirty-eight families depended on La Carolina for their livelihoods. They were told to find employment elsewhere. The cows, which Chávez claimed on television were "starving," were given away as gifts. One of them ended up on a barbeque spit, cooked for President Chávez himself. I contacted a former employee at La Carolina who told me that the farm's horses were slaughtered and sold as "beef." The seizure of Arria's farm and the plundering of his property has nothing to do with Venezuelan law or "reclaiming unused land." In fact, the Venezuelan government is the largest landowner in the country and most of its holdings lie unused.

I feel partially responsible for Arria's current predicament. I extended an invitation to him in April to speak at the Oslo Freedom Forum, a human rights conference in Norway that this year included Lech Walesa, Rebiya Kadeer, Anwar Ibrahim, and Garry Kasparov.

It was Arria's participation in this conference that compelled him to speak out against Chávez's human rights violations. Arria had told media covering the event that Chávez would one day face international justice for his crimes against the Venezuelan people. The reaction of the Chávez government to Arria's statements was swift and implacable.

This expropriation was punishment for Arria's criticism of Chávez. Chávez even presented photos of the farm on Venezuelan state television. He gloated that "It looked like Falcon Crest" comparing Arria's farm to the winery estate featured on the American television show from the 1980s and underlined the presence of a swimming pool was a sign of its "bourgeois" nature. This sort of comment seeks only to sow resentment in the minds of those who believe inequalities of wealth represent an injustice that requires correction through theft.

The epic irony is that Chávez's own family started with little wealth when he became president in 1999. His father and brothers now own extensive landholdings in the Venezuelan state of Barinas. They have acquired so much ill-gotten wealth - and display it with so much ostentation and vulgarity - that various European media outlets have called the Chávez's "Venezuela's Royal Family." A rarely reported story was the internal fallout among Chávez's cronies, when Stanford Bank collapsed amidst fraud so did several billion dollars worth of funds ransacked from the Venezuelan treasury.

Despite the new wealth for the Chávez family and Venezuela's governing clique, the country suffers from elevated amounts of "critical" poverty and is currently one of the most violent countries in the world. Venezuela's economy is in ruins, but Chávez continues to fund various international controversial projects. He provides support for the FARC terrorist army in Colombia (which recently includes the public revelation that he has kept them well-stocked with Swedish missiles purchased by Venezuela). He was also recently exposed in Spain as having facilitated training for Basque ETA terrorists in FARC camps. His penchant for villains and rogues extends to alliances with Belarus, Iran, Libya, Syria, Zimbabwe, and especially Cuba. Chávez also continues to send billions of petrodollars in aid to prop up the governments of Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, and Nicaragua - all despite the desperate needs of many of Venezuela's own citizens.

Since 2006, Venezuela has carried out more than 800 expropriations across industries and involving all sorts of property: farms, radio stations, television studios, factories, private residences, banks, butcher shops, sandwich shops, steel mills and, most probably in the near future, the main Venezuelan beer company. There is a clear intention to terrorize a population with the fear of being expropriated in case of dissent or criticism of the government. From a legal perspective, there is an intention to replace jurisprudence surrounding the concept of private property with the term "social property" meaning: it belongs to everyone but will be controlled by the state.

Despite facing the wrath of Chávez, Diego Arria will not give up. He spent the month of May visiting government officials and organizations across Europe, discussing the seizure of his farm and denouncing the Chávez government. Upon realizing the lethargy and ignorance in the international arena about the abuses committed by the Chávez government, Arria has become the most eloquent and tenacious spokesman for those affected by the expropriation abuse. In June he met with the Council of Europe, the International Labor Organization (ILO) in Geneva, the Spanish parliament, and even the International Criminal Court at the Hague. As a result of Arria's efforts, Chávez ordered another one of Arria's properties seized in mid-June: a 90 acre orange orchard. Once again the employees were kicked off the land. Undaunted, Arria's one-man effort continues and this month he will be visiting Canada, México, Colombia, Chile and Brazil.

In order for world opinion to mobilize against Chávez, he must be revealed as the petty authoritarian and enemy of individual rights that he is. This is a far more accurate view than the heroic champion of the poor and enemy of capitalism and Yankee imperialism as his apologists (most recently Oliver Stone) have tried to disguise him. Venezuela has lived under 11 years of Chávez. He has declared that he will rule until 2030. What will become of Venezuela in the next twenty years?

Despite an attachment to his farm La Carolina, Arria told me that he is willing under one condition to give up his farm to Chávez. That is, "so he can retire there now - provided that he gives us Venezuelans our country and our peace back."

Thor Halvorssen is President of the New York-based Human Rights Foundation and founder of the Oslo Freedom Forum, a global human rights conference. This article originally appeared in The Huffington Post. Republished with permission from the Human Rights Foundation.


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