FDI-GDP ranking 2012: FDI reached 3 percent of GDP in Latin America


6th June 2013

Peru and the Dominican Republic jumped on LBC’s FDI Index. Chile in the lead this year.

Foreign-direct investment (FDI) to Latin America grew by $20 billion in 2012 to $173 billion, and reached 3 percent of the region’s GDP – up from 2.7 percent last year. These are the findings of the most recent FDI-GDP ranking by Latin Business Chronicle. The index measures the relative influence of foreign investment in 19 of Latin America’s economies by measuring it as a percentage of a country’s total GDP.
Chile returns to the top of this year’s index, with FDI making up almost 11.31 percent of that country’s GDP. Chile is also the second-largest recipient of FDI in the region after Brazil, with $30 billion entering the country last year. Though Brazil received twice that amount, the Brazilian economy is nearly 10 times the size of Chile’s.  Miguel Pérez, Economic Affairs Officer at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) told LBC that Chile is an exceptional case when it comes to FDI. “Chile has a tremendous amount of FDI, and that owes to its open economy, good regulatory framework and excellent reputation.” Pérez points to the large number of transnational corporations that make their home in Chile, especially in the service sector, but says at least two-thirds of Chile’s foreign investment is in the country’s mining sector. “Chilean mining has undergone a boom in the past year, and attracts the majority of the country’s FDI. In the past mining …

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